Bogota, also Santa Fe de Bogota, city in central Colombia, capital of the country, coextensive with Bogota Capital District. It is located at an elevation of about 2640 m (about 8660 ft) on a mountain-rimmed plateau high in the Cordillera Oriental of the Andes Mountains. The climate is temperate, with an average annual temperature of 14° C (57° F) from month to month. Bogota is Colombia's largest city and one of South America's fastest-growing metropolitan areas. Major suburbs include Bosa, Engativa, Fontibon, Suba, Usaquen, and Usme. Industries include printing and publishing, motor-vehicle assembly, food processing, and the manufacture of textiles, metals, machinery, and electrical equipment. Many banks and corporations maintain their headquarters in the city. Railroads and highways, including the Pan-American Highway, link the city with other major centers. The international El Dorado Airport is nearby.